TVET Vietnam

Hợp tác doanh nghiệp

Cooperation with the business sector is promoted in developing and updating demand-oriented standards and training programmes, in qualifying in-company trainers and examiners, in conducting joint training at TVET institutes and at enterprises, and in developing mechanisms for stakeholder interconnection including skills councils and industry advisory boards.

The Vietnamese-German programme “Reform of TVET in Viet Nam” is promoting the involvement of the business sector at the macro-, meso- and micro-level, in all steps of TVET: from the definition of occupational profiles and the development of training programmes, the delivery of training at the future workplace, to examination and certification of trainees. Only the active engagement of the business sector guarantees the demand- and practice-orientation of TVET and improves the employability of its graduates.

Main activities:

  • At the macro-level: the programme advises the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training (DVET) and other relevant stakeholders on the legal framework enabling the cooperation with the business sector in TVET. This includes, for example, support in establishing a system of in-company trainers and the participation of the business sector in advisory boards and skills councils on national level.
  • At the meso-level: sector associations and the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI) are strengthened to take over a coordinating role. In addition, the programme works with provincial authorities to establish cooperation mechanisms such as regional and provincial councils with the participation of the business sector. At the micro-level, selected TVET institutes are supported in piloting the cooperative training approach. Jointly with the business sector occupational profiles are defined and training programmes are developed. The training takes place both at the TVET institute and in the companies. Representatives of the business sector also take part in the examination. Pilot experiences and lessons learnt are fed back to the system to contribute to the reform of the legal framework. The cooperative training approach is institutionalised through the establishment and implementation of advisory boards. They function as connecting link for the cooperation between the respective TVET institute, local authorities, employers, associations, VCCI, and trade unions.
  • Development Partnership with Bosch-Rexroth Project regions: A development partnership, financed jointly by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and
    Development (BMZ) and Bosch-Rexroth aims at enhancing the supply of skilled workers meeting the requirements of Industry 4.0 in Viet Nam. Based on a demand analysis, Industry 4.0 modules are developed and integrated in initial and further training offers at LILAMA2 and other TVET institutes. In an Industry 4.0 laboratory, trainees learn how digitally connected production processes are shaped by the digital transformation. Besides, teachers and in-company trainers directly benefit from the expertise of Bosch- Rexroth through further training courses. Acting as multipliers, the further trained teachers transfer their newly gained knowledge to other TVET teachers and in-company trainers from local businesses and integrate it into existing training programmes. A conference on Industry 4.0, deepening the understanding and requirements of the topic within the TVET sector in Viet Nam, took place and an Industry 4.0 demonstration room has been inaugurated at LILAMA 2. The development partnership runs until 2020.

Results by 2020


new trainees per year profit from demand oriented training offers at supported tvet institutes


of supported graduates are employed six months after graduation


companies confirmed that the gradutes’ qualifications match their needs


graduates from the supported TVET institutes found training related jobs with stable income at around 25% HIGHER than the average monthly income in vietnam

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