Cooperation with the business sector

The current vocational training sector in Viet Nam is not yet capable to meet the current and future demand of Viet Nam’s growing economy. One of the reasons is the lack of engagement of business sector in  the TVET cycle from policy advice, forecasting and standardisation to training delivery as well as examination and certification of the trainees. 

To overcome this challenge, the Vietnamese-German programme “Reform of TVET in Viet Nam” is promoting the involvement of the business sector at the macro-, meso- and micro-level, in all steps of TVET cycle. Only the active engagement of the business sector guarantees the demand- and practice-orientation of TVET and improves the employability of its graduates.


  • At the macro-level, the programme advises the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training (DVET) and other relevant stakeholders on the legal framework enabling the engagement of business sector in TVET. This includes, for example development of institutional arrangements for in-company trainer system as well as mechanisms for the business sector to participating in the policy consultation, forecasting and standardisation as well as training implementation in TVET.  

  • At the meso-level, sector associations and the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI) are strengthened to play a more active coordination role in the to be established sector skills councils. In addition, the programme works with provincial authorities to establish cooperation mechanisms such as regional and provincial councils with the participation of the business sector.

  • At the micro-level, selected TVET institutes are supported in piloting the cooperative training approach. Jointly with the business sector occupational profiles are defined and training programmes are developed. The training takes place both at the TVET institute and in the companies. Representatives of the business sector also take part in the examination. Pilot experiences and lessons learnt are fed back to the system to contribute to the reform of the legal framework. The cooperative training approach is institutionalised through the establishment and implementation of advisory boards. They function as connecting link for the cooperation between the respective TVET institute, local authorities, employers, associations, VCCI, and trade unions.


The cooperative training approach was successfully piloted

at the College of Technology II (HVCT) and LILAMA2 International Technology College, and currently piloted at College for Machinery and Irrigation (VCMI).

The occupational profiles, learning outcomes, and training programmes

for the seven supported occupations have been developed in cooperation with partner companies and sector associations.

123 teaching and 44 management staff

of TVET institutes have been thoroughly trained and supported the implementation of the cooperative training approach.

The training programmes for in-company training coordinators and training programmes for in-company trainer

were issued by DVET. 59 in-company trainers are qualified to coach and guide the trainees during in-company training phases. 39 examiners from companies have been trained to participate in examinations

Thirteen advisory boards

have been established at the partner colleges.

50 master trainers

for training coordinators have been trained.

Development partnership

In 2019, a development partnership, financed jointly by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and Bosch-Rexroth, aims at enhancing the supply of skilled workers meeting the requirements of Industry 4.0 in Viet Nam.


In early 2021, a public-private-partnership (PPP) project between Siemens Limited Company, LILAMA2 International College of Technology (LILAMA2) and GIZ - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has kicked off.