TVET

Greening TVET

Viet Nam’s Green Growth Strategy (VGGS) for the period 2012 – 2020 with vision to 2050 confirms the country’s aspiration for a more sustainable development path after two decades of rapid and energy-intensive economic growth. It also sets out ambitious targets for the greening of industries and the protection of the country’s natural resources and environment. The availability of a skilled, environmentally savvy workforce is central to the attainment of such targets.

The VGGS, as well as other government’s guiding policies, e.g. the Prime Minister’s decision on the implementation of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), give directions for the systematic integration of education for sustainable development (EDS) into all levels of the national education system. In line with that vision, in the framework of the Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) cooperates with the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training (DVET) to introduce, implement and promote a Green TVET system that prepares learners for the transition of the economy from energy-intensive to clean and green production and service patterns.

Approach

The Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam cooperates with local TVET stakeholders to introduce and implement the UNESCO-UNEVOC’s whole-institution approach to greening TVET which includes five main components: greening the campus, greening the curriculum, greening research, greening the community and building a green culture. Within this approach, greening TVET activities are implemented on the foundation of quality vocational skills training and require the involvement of a well-defined management structure.

To support TVET institutes in their greening journey, practical activities in the five areas of TVET greening are implemented with and by TVET managers, teachers and students. The Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam also strives to establish environmental management systems at TVET institutes that are in line with industry standards.

At the state management level, the Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam provides capacity development and technical advice for policy-makers to integrate green elements in TVET policies and regulations and to disseminate good greening practices within the system.

Results

System-level results:

Greening TVET is positioned as a core component of the action plan on the implementation of the VGGS

In 2019, the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA) became the 8th ministry to have issued their ministerial-level action plan on the implementation of the VGGS. With inputs from the Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam, greening TVET is positioned as a core component of the plan.

A series of minimum requirements for the knowledge and skills levels

was issued by MoLISA in 2018 for the knowledge and skills levels to be achieved by TVET trainees upon graduation for various occupations. Greening elements were integrated in these “learning outcomes”, providing a benchmark for TVET institutes in the development of curricula and students’ testing and evaluation.

Cooperating closely with DVET and provincial Departments of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (DoLISAs),

the Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam introduced the concept of greening TVET to approximately 150 TVET practitioners nationwide.

Different publications and media campaigns

were carried out to raise awareness on greening TVET for TVET teachers and students. A greening TVET photo campaign on the Facebook page of the Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam received a huge response from TVET teachers and students, bringing over 1.000 “likes” to the page.

The module “environmental protection, energy and resource efficiency”

With support from the Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam, DVET undertook the revision of the module “environmental protection, energy and resource efficiency” produced by the College of Machinery and Irrigation (VCMI) with the view of disseminating it widely within the system

School-level results

VCMI is becoming a center of excellence for greening TVET

The college is offering two new training occupations “Electronic for energy and building technology” and “Plant Mechanic for sanitary, heating and climate technology”. VCMI also produced the 36-hour training module “Environmental protection, energy and resource efficiency” to equip TVET learners with basic cross-occupational green skills

Training was provided to approximately 100 TVET teachers and managers

from partner and non-partner TVET institutes on the delivery of the module “Environmental protection, energy and resource efficiency”

The pilot campaign on waste auditing and action planning on plastic waste reduction

was successfully piloted at VCMI and Long An College with the participation of an estimated 500 students and teachers. Both schools highly appreciated the pilot campaign and are finalizing their action plans to further their greening journey.

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