TVET

Digital transformation

DX has become an inevitable trend and triggered comprehensive changes to organizations and individuals regarding new ways of working and living in the digital environment. DX potentially brings in new business and training models, new products and services, and new opportunities in the digital world. The Vietnamese Government attaches great importance to DX. DX is also an overarching solution of the Development Strategy of TVET in Vietnam during 2021-2030 with direction to 2045.

Due to impacts of the changing world of work, the 4th Industrial Revolution, the increased autonomy and competitiveness in education and training, and especially the COVID-19 pandemic, TVET is required to develop “a more flexible, open, adaptive and responsive training system” in order to quickly cope with such external changes. In addition, Vietnam currently has 56 million people in the working age. The TVET system in Vietnam is capable of providing training for 2.2 million learners/year only. Meanwhile, the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training (DVET) targets to scale up the training capacity to 12.000.000 learners/year in 2025.
The given context shows great needs, opportunities, and potentials that DX can bring to TVET in Vietnam. Scaling up TVET training can be achieved by initiating digital platform solutions. The enhancement of openness, flexibility, adaptability and responsiveness for the TVET system can be enabled by developing digital learning and shared resource platforms. Big data, AI, IoT, and cloud solutions will form a strong foundation for digital governance and administration of TVET, and online teaching and learning activities, and learning analytics to inform academic policies, innovation of training content and student services.

 

Approach

  • The Programme consistently approaches the structure of six components of the DX ecosystem in TVET. This is also the proposed DX model by GIZ and consultants to DVET and TVET institutions.
  • At macro and meso levels, the Programme advises the DVET and other relevant stakeholders on short-term and long-term strategic development plans of DX, policy advice, capacity development for leaders, line managers and staff. The implementation of these supporting activities is based on results of our scientific research such as the fact-finding mission, online survey on the TVET system scale, and the pre-feasibility studies. Besides, the Programme directly supports DVET for implementing national scale activities such as survey on distance training, national competition on e-teaching design for TVET teachers, or policy reviews on DX in TVET.
  • At the micro-level, the Programme provides partner TVET institutes with direct advisory services to develop and implement the programmes of DX. Capacity development activities focus on managers, DX taskforces, key teachers/multipliers at TVET institutes to raise their awareness of DX, and capacity in digital literacy, e-pedagogies, and blended learning. Competence activities are varied in forms including seminars, training workshops, technical exchanges, professional sharing networks in both online and offline modes. To promote digital solutions, TVET partners are supported with the equipment of digital tools and software to establish e-learning rooms/studios, virtual conference room, cloud server solution, development of learning management system, and open educational resource (OER) platform.

Results

16 Fact finding visits to TVET institutes

have been conducted to investigate the status of DX and to raise awareness of, and provide initial advice on DX to leaders, staff, teachers and students.

A research on the status of DX

for the TVET system in Vietnam received 19,836 surveyed responses from DVET, 17 DoLISAs and 123 TVET institutions.

The DX ecosystem have been used

to initially form the structure of the Programme of DX for TVET in Vietnam during 2021-2030 and become a common communication instrument to consistently approach DX in TVET from macro to meso and micro level.

A training workshop on DX

for 55 senior leaders, rector boards and key managers from DVET and TVET institutes, three training courses on OER for multipliers, and four training workshops on digital tools and platforms for teachers at LILAMA 2 were organised.

A modern virtual conference room

for DVET and five e-learning rooms/studios for TVET institutes were established.

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