Achieving a comprehensive and efficient reform of the national education and training system and establishing an open, flexible and permeable Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system is consistently called for in Viet Nam’s Party and government policies since 2013 .
After the Vocational Education and Training (VET) Law came into effect in 2015, a system of normative documents and guidelines has been developed with the aim to facilitate an open, flexible and permeable TVET system and to support TVET institutes to deliver high quality TVET services. However, challenges remain, including limited policy informed by evidence and lessons learnt and the inflexibility of mechanisms that do not allow the system to respond effectively to changing industry needs
The Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam supports the government’s efforts in legal and administrative reform to to create a system that can respond effectively to the changing world of work.
The Programme’s support focuses on core issues that help establish an open, flexible and permeable TVET system for Viet Nam. These issues include among others the reform of state management of TVET, strengthening of the cooperation with the business sector, promotion of an effective digital transformation in TVET, the enhancement of the quality assurance system.
At the macro-level, the Programme provides policy advice together with capacity development of state management agencies such as the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA) and the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training (DVET) and line ministries. At meso-level, the capacities of local authorities in organising demand-oriented TVET services are developed. At micro-level, the Programme improves the capacities of TVET trainers and TVET managers. It strengthens TVET institutes’ capacities and performance in responding to the various needs of their trainees and the industry.
The multi-level approach allows the exchange between policy development and policy implementation. Experiences and lessons learnt from the programme initiatives are documented and inform the policy development process. Vice versa, policies that were developed with advice from the Programme and under consideration of international (German) experiences are piloted at partner TVET institutes.