Normative and administrative reform

Achieving a comprehensive and efficient reform of the national education and training system and establishing an open, flexible and permeable Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system is consistently called for in Viet Nam’s Party and government policies since 2013 .

After the Vocational Education and Training (VET) Law came into effect in 2015, a system of normative documents and guidelines has been developed with the aim to facilitate an open, flexible and permeable TVET system and to support TVET institutes to deliver high quality TVET services. However, challenges remain, including limited policy informed by evidence and lessons learnt and the inflexibility of mechanisms that do not allow the system to respond effectively to changing industry needs


The Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam supports the government’s efforts in legal and administrative reform to to create a system that can respond effectively to the changing world of work.

The Programme’s support focuses on core issues that help establish an open, flexible and permeable TVET system for Viet Nam. These issues include among others the reform of state management of TVET, strengthening of the cooperation with the business sector, promotion of an effective digital transformation in TVET, the enhancement of the quality assurance system.

At the macro-level, the Programme provides policy advice together with capacity development of state management agencies such as the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA) and the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training (DVET) and line ministries.  At meso-level, the capacities of local authorities in organising demand-oriented TVET services are developed. At micro-level, the Programme improves the capacities of TVET trainers and TVET managers. It strengthens TVET institutes’ capacities and performance in responding to the various needs of their trainees and the industry.

The multi-level approach allows the exchange between policy development and policy implementation. Experiences and lessons learnt from the programme initiatives are documented and inform the policy development process. Vice versa, policies that were developed with advice from the Programme and under consideration of international (German) experiences are piloted at partner TVET institutes.


About 100 TVET administrators of DVET

have been trained on administrative reform policy and international cooperation in TVET;

At least 63 Department of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (DoLISA) representatives and management staff

of 50 TVET institutes have been trained on administrative reform policy and international cooperation in TVET;

A series of seven thematic review papers on permeability, reformed administrative procedures

in TVET and an open, flexible and permeable TVET system has been compiled. They are used as resources for policy development

Advice was provided and integrated in various normative documents

and regulated guidelines on autonomy, effective financing mechanisms for TVET, learning outcomes and criteria of high quality TVET institutes;

A series of consultative events was organized

to support the development process of the TVET strategy period 2021-2030, vision to 2045; a project proposal on piloting college-level vocational training for junior secondary students was developed;

The review of TVET policies lead to the publication of a book on “normative documents",

which was recognised as a helpful reference material, especially to international partners.

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