TVET for Labor Market Needs: Improving the demand oriented TVET through quality management instruments

Implications of 2013 Enterprise Survey and Lesson Observation results
The workshop on “M&E in TVET – Results of the Enterprise Survey & Lesson Observation Wave 2013” in the framework of the Vietnamese-German “Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam” was organized on the 29th of July 2014 in Ha Noi. The workshop had the pleasure to welcome the participation of Assoc. Prof. Dr. Cao Van Sam, Vice Director General of GDVT, representative of the Institute of Labour Science and Social Affairs/MoLISA, the National Center for Forecast and Labor Market Information/MoLISA, managements of relevant departments, NIVT/GDVT, directors/vice directors of 22 participating TVET institutes, CIM-IE and GIZ experts.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Cao Van Sam, Vice Director of GDVT holding the opening address in the workshop

In the workshop opening speech, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Cao Van Sam stressed the importance of quality management instruments and highly appreciated the tools developed in the framework of the “Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam” such as the tracer study and the workshop management. He outlined the current focus on the Enterprise Survey (ES) and Lesson Observation (LO). The ES provides decision makers with a consolidated feedback from employers about their satisfaction with the qualifications/competence level of TVET graduates in respect of their workplace requirements. He strongly recommended the TVET institutes to use the results of ES and as well of the LO in the improvement of the training quality according to the industry demand. He also encouraged the expansion of these activities on a larger scale in Viet Nam in order to provide the labor market with more appropriately qualified numbers of workers/technicians to successfully implement the TVET development strategy until 2020.

The purpose of the one-day workshop was to share results and lessons learnt from the enterprise survey wave 2013, as well as to introduce the TVET institutes outside of the PVT 2008 to the new LO tool and to jointly discuss the further usage of the ES results and the LO instrument for the desired improvement of the training quality.

The results of the enterprise survey wave 2013 showed that for all evaluated competences – the theoretical knowledge, practical skills and working attitudes – the achieved level of the graduates of the 22 participating TVET institutes was overall slightly lower rated than the performance requirements expected by the enterprises. The most lacking competences of graduates that need to be further improved are: foreign language (English); manufacturing technology, quality standards, team work, make decisions/solve problems, carefulness, discipline and creativity. The results of the lesson observation wave 2013 at the 5 TVET

institutes under PVT 2008 also showed that the teaching and learning methodologies should be more improved towards a more student centred and practice orientated training delivery in the future. Teachers/instructors should provide more opportunities for their students to engage in practical project work and to try out possible solutions to problems by themselves

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mac Van Tien, Director of NIVT presenting the results of the ES wave 2013

Dr. Steffen Horn, CIM IE presenting the results of the LO wave 2013

Some participants in the workshop pointed out that the current curriculum specifications issued by MoLISA do not allow them to adjust the requirements sufficiently towards the demands of the local industry. Referring to the results of the Enterprise Survey, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mac Van Tien, Director of the NIVT shared that from 2015 onwards the current framework curricula are going to be replaced by a new curriculum framework system under the TVET renovation project. TVET institutes will have then more flexibility in the development and adjustment of their own curricula. As a consequence of the Enterprise Survey outcomes, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dang Minh At, Director of Ha Tinh Vietnamese-German Vocational College shared that his college will increase the training focus on soft skills and working attitudes for the trainees before they are going to graduate. Ms. Tran Thi Thu Ha, Vice Director of the vocational training accreditation directorate/GDVT evaluated that the results of the ES and LO have a great value and hopes that these activities will be more expanded and be integrated into the national quality management system.

Ms. Tran Thi Thu Ha, Vice Director of the TVET Accreditation Department/GDVT highly appreciated the importance of ES & LO’s results.

The participants of the workshop discussing the usage of the ES results for the training quality improvement

The participants discussed the practical outcomes of the ES and LO results and how they can be used for the improvement of the training quality at the TVET institution as well as at the policy levels. Furthermore the planning of multiplication measures to train additional survey implementers as well as the time schedule for the next ES wave were outlined and agreed.

After this workshop, each TVET institute will develop its own training quality improvement plan based on the results of their specific ES data analysis findings.

Ms. Nguyen T Bich Ngoc, Sr.ProgrammeOfficer of the “Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam“ summarizing the reached agreements for further activities

Mr. Hanno Knaup, Technical Advisor of the “Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam” stressing that the TVET institutes are direct beneficiaries from training quality improvement

Further capacity building for ES implementers of 22 participating TVET institutes

In the scope of the overall Monitoring & Evaluation system, all the ES implementers from 22 participating TVET institutes took part in an advanced one day training course on the “In-depth data analysis and ES report writing” under the guidance of CIM – IE, Dr. Steffen Horn and researchers of NIVT/GDVT on the 28th of July 2014 in Ha Noi. The final assessment results of the course participants showed that the participants are qualified to conduct the analysis of ES data and compiling reports on the ES results on their own in future. According to the reached agreement with the ES implementers in the training course, they will submit a concise ES report to their respective TVET institutes’ management until this September to facilitate the decision making process on the improvement of the training quality and to support graduates in their job seeking endeavors.

Mr. Nguyen Ba Dong, Researcher of NIVT as trainer guiding the participants to analysis data in the training course

Mr. Nguyen Trung Kien, Participant from Nam Dinh UTE presenting the results of his data analysis exercise in the training course


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