Field of Activities

Policy Advice and System Reform

Background

The objective of the bilateral development cooperation between Germany and Viet Nam in the TVET sector is to increase the provision of qualified workers meeting the needs of the economy. The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) supports the TVET reform efforts of the Vietnamese Government at the policy and institutional level providing technical and financial support.

Working with the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA) and the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training (DVET), including the National Institute for Vocational Education and Training (NIVET), the Vietnamese Vocational Education and Training Accreditation Agency (VVETAA) and other relevant departments, representatives of the business sector, such as the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI), sector associations and enterprises, as well as TVET institutes comprehensive activities are being implemented to improve the demand- and practice-orientation of TVET.

Objective

The performance, demand orientation and regional connectivity of the Vietnamese TVET system are improved sustainably.

Approach

The field of activity Policy Advice and System Reform aims at strengthening the capacities of the relevant actors of the public and private sector as well as the creating the structural preconditions for a demand-oriented and regionally connected TVET system in Viet Nam. MoLISA/GDVT is advised on the development and implementation of policy and reform strategies. Additionally, capacity development for technical and management staff of the relevant departments of DVET and management personnel of TVET institutes is provided. One of the thematic priorities is the promotion of the cooperation with the business sector in TVET, including the involvement of companies and associations in the development of occupational standards and training programmes, in the implementation of training, as well as in assessment and certification.

Technical and management staff of DVET and other relevant actors are supported in the implementation of the Green Growth Strategy and its Action Plan to integrate requirements of a green economy in TVET programmes. Additionally, staff of DVET is supported to contribute to relevant working groups of ASEAN processes. The Vietnamese partners also receive support in adapting and implementing instruments for sector monitoring as well as in developing the National TVET Report.

Furthermore, the field of activity substantially contributes to donor coordination as well as the development and piloting of concepts on awareness raising and TVET marketing. Basis for the policy advice are experiences and lessons learnt from piloting approaches at the supported TVET institutes in order to achieve a sustainable integration of the successful models on the system level.

Impacts

Policy documents, including the TVET strategy 2011-2020 and the TVET law, concepts and instruments developed based on recommendations derived from experiences gained during piloting of cooperative training models, for example in the frame of development partnerships between TVET institutes and German companies, aim at improving the demand-orientation of TVET through the involvement of the business sector.

Together with the Vietnamese partners, a concept for Centres of Excellence (CoE) in TVET, that forms the basis for the development of a national network of such centres, has been developed. CoE offer TVET programmes which are based on international standards and reflect the needs of the business sector. CoE also fulfil additional functions in the Vietnamese TVET system, such as the provision of practical specialist training for teaching staff and in-company trainers. The concept also forms the basis for the Vietnamese-German cooperation at LILAMA 2 Technical and Technology College (Field of Activity 2).

Furthermore, staff members of supported TVET institutes and the Vietnam Vocational Education and Training Accreditation Agency (VVETAA) of DVET have undergone a range of further training courses and are now equipped with the competences to independently implement monitoring and evaluation instruments, including tracer studies and enterprise surveys. As part of the trilateral cooperation agreement between the Vietnamese National Institute of Vocational Education and Training (NIVT), the German Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB) and GIZ, capacity development for NIVET in TVET reporting led to the publication of Viet Nam’s first national TVET report in 2012. The report has since been published regularly to foster evidence-based policy-making in the TVET sector.

Awareness raising activities to improve the image of TVET are ongoing. Exhibitions of photographs on specific occupations, job prospects and success stories have proved very popular with the Vietnamese society and are helping to boost the status of TVET in the country. A close coordination with other donors and implementing agencies, such as ADB and KOICA, increases the impact of the activities.

Partners

 

Support of Centres of Excellence for TVET

Context

Viet Nam’s dynamic economic development is reflected in its transformation from one of the world’s poorest nations to a lower middle-income country in a very short time. This success is put at risk by increasing consumption of resources, environmental pollution and a significant shortage of skilled workers. Currently, only 22% of Viet Nam’s labour force has a professional qualification. The vocational training sector in Viet Nam is not yet capable to meet the current and future demand of Viet Nam’s growing economy.
To overcome these challenges the programme “Reform of TVET in Viet Nam” is supporting the establishment of High Quality TVET institutes, so-called Centres of Excellence (CoEs). CoEs are specialised TVET institutes providing high-quality employment-relevant initial und further training at international standards in selected occupations. Moreover, they fulfil additional functions in the TVET system. Teachers and school management are highly qualified, and their technical equipment and teaching materials are state-of-the art. The training offered is aligned with the latest technological developments and based on the needs of the most advanced Vietnamese industries. CoEs follow international best practices in TVET.
Changing requirements in technical trades, caused by Industry 4.0 and technological developments, demand the constant further qualification of TVET teachers in the respective fields. This ensures that the training delivery stays up to date. As Viet Nam has not yet established an institutionalised further training system for TVET teachers, CoEs are ready to step in to further train TVET teachers.
The industry is directly affected by technological developments such as Industry 4.0. Further training offered at CoEs directly benefits the industry’s staff. Company staff, self-, under- and unemployed workers can receive training modules at CoEs and adapt to market needs.

Objective

The CoEs offer demand-oriented initial and further vocational training based on international standards.

Approach

CoEs focus on providing services to improve the Vietnamese TVET sector and the employability of the workforce. CoEs offer high quality initial training according to international standards in close cooperation with the industry as their core function.
Moreover, each CoE can fulfil additional functions for the TVET system, e.g.:

  • Further training for TVET teachers;
  • Further training for skilled and semi-skilled workers, unemployed, marginalised and disadvantaged people
  • Advisory services for management personnel of other TVET providers to develop and implement labour-market relevant training offers;
  • Hub for national and international networks for TVET;
  • Partner institution for TVET innovation and applied TVET research activities;
  • Assessment and certification centre;
  • Information and resource centre for the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training (DVET) under the Ministry of Labour – Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA), TVET institutes across the country and the Vietnamese society at large.

The programme “Reform of TVET in Viet Nam” supports LILAMA 2 International Technology College, College of Machinery and Irrigation (VCMI) and College of Technology II (HVCT) in becoming CoEs. LILAMA 2 focuses on the occupations Mechatronics, Industrial Electronics, Metal Cutting/CNC and Construction Mechanics. VCMI will become a Centre of Excellence for Green TVET and HVCT established high-quality training for the new occupation Sewage Engineering Technicians.

Results

The management of the CoEs is oriented towards training excellence and the CoEs’ additional TVET system functions. This is reflected in the demand-oriented occupational standards and training programmes that have been developed in close cooperation with the industry. High-quality, demand-oriented training based on international standards is ensured through further training of teachers and management staff. Since 2014, 127 teachers (of which 26 female) of the CoEs have been thoroughly trained, improving their theoretical knowledge, practical and pedagogical skills, as well as examination skills. In addition, 44 management staff have been trained to ensure the implementation of cooperative training at the management level.
The CoEs follow the cooperative training approach. This ensures the close cooperation with the industry in all steps, from the development of demand-oriented occupational standards and training programmes, training delivery with structured, interlinked training phases at the CoEs and in the partner companies, to assessment and certification. 59 in-company trainers have been qualified to introduce, improve and provide structured in-company training phases. 39 examiners from companies have been trained to ensure the industry’s participation in examinations. Industry boards have been established at the CoEs to guarantee an institutionalised, regular exchange among all stakeholders including representatives of the companies, sector associations, DVET, line ministries and TVET institute to constantly improve and optimise the training.
Several trainings for skilled workers from the industry have been taking place in cooperation with the Vietnam Water Supply and Sewerage Association (VWSA) already. Further, general workshop management trainings in all supported occupational areas are offered by the CoEs and highly sought after by other TVET institutes. Offering further training allows the CoEs to generate additional revenue.

Partners

TVET for Skilled Workforce in the Wastewater Sector

Background

The objective of the bilateral development cooperation between Germany and Viet Nam in the TVET sector is to increase the provision of qualified workers meeting the needs of the economy. The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) supports the TVET reform efforts of the Vietnamese Government at the policy and institutional level providing technical and financial support.

Working with the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA) and the General Directorate of Vocational Training (GDVT), including the National Institute for Vocational Training (NIVT), the Vietnamese Vocational Training Accreditation Agency (VVTAA) and other relevant departments, representatives of the business sector, such as the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI), sector associations and enterprises, as well as TVET institutes comprehensive activities are being implemented to improve the demand- and practice-orientation of TVET.

Objective

The College of Technology II (HVCT) provides demand-oriented technical and vocational education and training in the wastewater sector.

Approach

Local and international experts are supporting the College of Technology II (HVCT) in Ho Chi Minh City to develop and implement the pilot vocational training programme for Sewage Engineering Technicians in Viet Nam in close cooperation with enterprises in the wastewater sector, the Vietnam Water Supply and Sewage Association (VWSA), and relevant ministries.

The vocational training for skilled workers in the wastewater sector at HVCT follows a cooperative training approach. In order to ensure the demand- and practice-orientation of the training, the companies are strongly involved in every decisive step of vocational training, such as developing the occupational standard, deriving the respective training programme, as well as implementing the training and carrying out assessment tests during and at the end of the three-year training programme.

The concept for the pilot cooperative training programme draws on experiences in the German context and is adapted to the situation in Viet Nam. The lessons learnt from the pilot cooperative vocational training programme are being monitored closely and used on the policy level for further development of the TVET system.

Impacts

The occupational standard for the new occupation ‘Sewage Engineering Technicians’ which is based on the German standard with adaption to the Vietnamese reality was jointly developed by HVCT, five wastewater companies and VWSA with the guidance of German experts from the Chamber of Commerce Dresden (IHK Dresden), the Dresden Sewage Company (SEED Dresden) and the Pirna Vocational Training Centre of Technology and Economy. Based on the occupational standard, the training programme was developed. Well-defined, interlinked training phases are being implemented at HVCT and the five partner wastewater treatment plants. To ensure the high quality of the new training programme, teachers and in-company trainers have participated in an intensive practice-oriented qualification programme and thus improved their theoretical knowledge, practical and pedagogical skills, as well as examination skills. Furthermore, management staff received training on how to implement the cooperative training programme. Jointly with VWSA and the partner companies, image campaigns and marketing activities are being carried out to improve the image of TVET for the wastewater sector and of the TVET institute.

Partners

Implementing partners

Programme Vocational Training 2008 (2010 - 2014)

Programme description

Title: Reform of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Viet Nam – Programme ‘Vocational Training 2008’ component
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA)
Overall term: 2010 to 2014

Objective

The supported technical and vocational education and training institutions are equipped to provide needs-led training.

Approach

This component of the Programme on Reform of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Viet Nam is designed as an open programme in which technical and vocational education and training institutions (5 TVET institutes) are selected according to agreed needs-led and performance-related criteria. The project first evaluated applications made by TVET institutions and then selected five which are to be given support in drawing up development plans.

On this basis, the project is promoting the labour market-relevant and practice-oriented design of initial and in-service training in selected occupations, including metalworking, electrical engineering/electronics, and mechatronics. The institutions’ managerial staff are receiving advice on strengthening cooperation with the business community, capacity planning, and models for efficient workshop management. Partners are being supported in modifying and developing needs-led initial and in-service training modules and appropriate teaching and learning materials. Practical in-service training strategies are equipping teachers and trainers with the skills to make effective use in their teaching of the equipment provided as part of the financial cooperation arrangements.

Results achieved so far

The project has supported the selected institutions in drawing up institutional development plans. This has involved compiling data on labour market needs and analysing strengths and weaknesses. On this basis, the project selected the occupations to be given support and planned investment, in-service training and advisory services, and the measures to be taken by the institutions themselves. Implementing the ‘three-level training and workshop concept’ developed as part of this work is aimed at countering a lack of practical and industry relevance. The partners are continuing to use the development plans they have drawn up and the list of criteria to help them improve the quality of training.

Once the practical skills of the trainers in the areas of metal cutting, mechatronics, industrial electronics, and welding had been assessed, the project selected trainers to participate in multi-level in-service training programmes. These trainers are currently enhancing their basic practical skills so that they can move on to acquiring the skills to use complex technologies, such as CNC. Those receiving this training pass on their knowledge, so that in the long term, more trainers are able to provide initial and in-service training with a practical focus. The concept of ‘integrated teaching methods’, which is new to Viet Nam, has been taught to staff at all TVET institutions.

Staff at these institutions are now able to analyse specific aspects, such as maintenance and servicing, safety at work, health and environmental protection, organisational processes, and deployment of workers, and to instigate improvements, thereby helping to improve workshop quality.

To strengthen cooperation with the business community, representatives of the TVET institutions have been taught how to conduct a training needs analysis. Trainers have also travelled to Germany to complete the International Leadership Training course ‘Media development in TVET’.

Further information