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Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam

Viet Nam is aiming to become an industrialised country by 2020. Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is central to this aspiration: the demand for skilled workers is increasing steadily as the country’s economy continues to grow and it aims to be competitive both regionally and globally. There is a shortage of skilled workers and technicians with practical training, yet around 1.4 million people enter the labour market each year. Only about 27% of workers currently have training relevant to the job they do, while just 15% have completed formal vocational training. The Government of Viet Nam has, therefore, put vocational skills training and boosting employment at the heart of its development goals. Its plan is that by 2020, trained skilled workers will make up 55% of the labour force, compared with the current figure of 30%, and that one third will have successfully completed intermediate or advanced vocational training. The Government also wants to tailor its vocational training more to the needs of the business community, so it is promoting the expansion of vocational education and training provision and improvements in the quality and needs-based focus of training.

Objective

The supply of workers with the skills sought by employers is improved.

Approach

The Programme on Reform of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) supports Viet Nam’s reform efforts at a number of levels.

Working with the Vietnamese partners, the programme is implementing a comprehensive vocational education and training programme that provides policy and system advisory services and supports selected training institutions in improving the quality of the training they offer.

With the involvement of the business community, strategies for practice-oriented vocational training have been developed and implemented. These also include sustainable funding and design of an assessment system.

Support for vocational training institutions focuses on training provision in sectors with growth potential. Working closely with the business community, the programme creates the necessary conditions for training programmes, including in-service training for teachers and trainers with a practical focus, advice for school management teams, adaptation of existing training programmes, and modernisation of equipment.

Results achieved so far

The Vietnamese partners have been supported in developing and improving the quality of the country’s TVET system.

The programme has helped significantly to improve needs-led and practice-oriented training in the supported institutions: communication and cooperation between managerial and operational levels in the TVET system have been improved, and strategies and instruments that have been trialled successfully are now firmly established.